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By Ian Knight

The Maori humans of latest Zealand have been skilled box engineers even ahead of they got here into clash with Europeans within the nineteenth Century. struggle among rival teams used to be endemic in Maori society, and it was once universal perform to guard villages with surrounding entrenchments and wood palisades, often called pas. As touch with the eu international elevated, the Maori replied by way of adopting firearms into their conventional armory. It used to be no longer until eventually 1845, even though, with the 1st combating among the Maori and the British, that it turned transparent simply how powerful and complex the Maori fortifications have been. For the easiest a part of two decades, the Maori held off the dominant and technologically more advantageous British forces, by means of adapting and constructing their defenses based on each new development within the British artillery. The complicated community of trenches and sheltered 'bomb-proof' dug outs, designed to withstand additional British attacks, proved so potent they had a powerful impression at the trench war structures of global warfare I. This publication explores the evolution and layout of Maori fortifications, and charts the process a clash that might finally see the British holiday the Maori pas, resulting in a sour guerrilla bush conflict.

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