By Don E. Wilson
Lengthy the topic of fantasy and superstition, bats were one of the such a lot misunderstood of mammals as a result of their nocturnal conduct, capability for flight, and unusual visual appeal. looking to dispel the myths linked to those awesome creatures and arguing for his or her key position in a balanced atmosphere, Bats in Question covers all points of bat biology in a pragmatic question-and-answer format.
Describing the place bats stay, how they use echolocation to navigate, or even why they grasp the other way up, the e-book additionally provides the conservation prestige of all 925 bat species. Don E. Wilson lines the evolution of bats and exhibits their striking range by means of describing all of the significant teams by way of their diverse physique constructions and habitats. He sheds gentle on bats' complicated social platforms, impressive version in dimension, and meals personal tastes that surround crops, bugs, and mammals. The publication additionally explores cultural attitudes approximately bats—telling how, until eventually lately, bats were relegated to the realm of vampires and the way they've got emerged to take their position in public information as vital and engaging contributors of our ecosystems.
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Additional info for Bats in Question: The Smithsonian Answer Book
14). The inside surface is frequently decorated with folds or ridges and may be more or less covered with bands of hair. In addition to the pinna, many species have a small flap at the base of the ear, known as the tragus. It is quite variable in shape and size and forms another useful characteristic for classification and identification of some species. In some species there is also an antitragus, or broad flap continuous with the outer edge of the pinna. Although the exact function of these structures is not well known, it seems likely that the tragus is involved in receiving echoes returning from echolocation pulses.
2). They bear live young, just as do all other placental mammals. Bats’ most remarkable characteristic is flight, a form of locomotion shared with no other mammal. Bats are also amazingly long-lived for such small creatures, with recorded life spans of over 30 years. In addition, they are among the most intelligent of mammals. Indeed, bats are relatively closely related to our own order, Primates. 1. (left) A hog-nosed bat, Craseonycteris thonglongyai, weighing less than a penny. This is the world’s smallest bat; it rests comfortably on two fingers of a human hand.
Scientists use a system of scientific names called binomial nomenclature, which was developed by a Swedish biologist named Carolus Linnaeus in 1758. Each species of organism has a unique scientific name consisting of two Latin words. The first word in any scientific name refers to the genus, and the second word indicates the species. Although the generic name can be used alone to describe the group as a whole, the specific epithet is not valid alone; it requires accompaniment by the genus. The scientific name of the species is both those words together.