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British Government and Politics: Balancing Europeanization by Michael L. Mannin

By Michael L. Mannin

This deeply expert textual content units the govt and politics of england firmly within the context of Britain's enduring club within the eu Union. Michael L. Mannin completely applies the concept that of "Europeanization" around the political method to discover how a ways swap is a manufactured from Britain's interdependent dating with the ecu. He exhibits how the EU's treaty relationships current new demanding situations to sovereign states, specially Britain, whose psyche has lengthy revolved round iconic notions of Parliamentary sovereignty, imperial strength, nationwide independence, and an assumed cultural homogeneity. analyzing the cultural, monetary, and social heritage to Britain's twenty-first century politics, Mannin demanding situations the various ancient myths on which Britain's exceptionalism is based. He then analyzes modern political associations and approaches within the context of Europeanization, in addition to the influence of the ecu on coverage and coverage making. excellent for classes in British and ecu politics, this ebook breaks new flooring in exploring the advanced interdependence that the european should still deliver to the learn of eu political systems.

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A retreat from state ownership of economic assets via denationalization of gas, water, and electricity industries was made electorally popular by their sale at knockdown share prices on the open market. This, together with the right-to-buy policy established for social housing tenants, engendered a new neoliberal slogan, “property owning democracy,” based on individuals with a personal stake in the market. Less palatable for the regions and communities unable to make the adjustments necessary to join these market-led opportunities was the abandonment of full employment as a macroeconomic goal and the use of supply-side (monetarist) policies devoted to containing inflation.

A subsequent Labour administration endorsed this major step in a new direction by referendum in 1975. Membership in the EU did not solve Britain’s domestic ills. A spent Labour administration was replaced in 1979 by the first Thatcher government, which created new parameters for economic policy—the Thatcher “revolution”—and fundamentally challenged most of the Keynesian assumptions established in the period following World War II. From Thatcherism to Blairism:The Search for New Coordinates There is some debate in British political and academic circles as to whether the extended period of Conservative government under Margaret Thatcher (1979–1990) and then John Major (1990–1997) was genuinely revolutionary when compared with the consensus politics of the previous era (Kavanagh 1997).

The British political system administered a new welfare program and mixed economy through a centrally directed, London-based, single-party government. A nineteenth-century parliamentary system had grafted upon it a massive twentieth-century welfare state, and, though able to operate through the discipline of national political parties, it was to prove wanting in the delivery of a pluralist democracy that could effectively check the executive and administration. Equally, the economic problems of the 1950s and 1960s industrial decline, technological obsolescence, uncompetitively priced exports, and a vulnerable currency (the pound sterling) were not assisted by an era of “stop-go-policies”: successive Labour and Conservative governments attempted to manipulate economic conditions to their advantage prior to an election—inevitably to the detriment of the economy.

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